Subordinating Conjunctions List and Great Examples

Today, we’ll look at subordinating conjunctions in greater detail to better understand what they are. We’ll look at some examples and explain how a subordinating conjunction differs from a coordinating conjunction.

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Conjunctions are simple enough for most individuals to grasp. Something is connected together when it is conjoined. Conjunctions function similarly, by connecting two ideas in a sentence. However, if you begin to divide conjunctions into more precise groups, people may become perplexed by the functions of each particular one.

What Is A Subordinating Conjunction?

Subordinating Conjunction Definition

A subordinating conjunction is a word or phrase that joins two clauses in a sentence and establishes a particular relationship between them. It typically introduces a dependent clause, which cannot stand alone as a complete phrase and must be contextualized and understood in conjunction with the main clause (independent clause). Subordinating conjunctions are employed in complicated sentences to illustrate numerous relationships such as cause and effect, time, condition, contrast, purpose, and more.

Subordinating Conjunctions and Examples

Subordinating Conjunctions Examples
Although Although it’s late, I’ll stay up.
Because Because she was tired, she napped.
Since Since you asked, I’ll explain.
Unless Unless he calls, we won’t go.
While While it rains, stay indoors.
Before Before the party, clean the house.
After After dinner, we’ll watch a movie.
If If you sing, I’ll dance.
Even though Even though it’s hot, wear a coat.
Where I’ll go where you go.
As if She acted as if nothing happened.
Whenever Call me whenever you need help.
Wherever Go wherever you like.
As though He behaved as though he knew.
Whereas She likes tea, whereas I prefer coffee.
In case Take an umbrella in case it rains.
Provided that You can borrow it, provided that you return it.
As long as You can go, as long as you’re back by 10.
In order that Study hard in order that you to succeed.
Even if I’ll come even if I’m busy.
As soon as Call me as soon as you arrive.
So that Speak softly so that he can sleep.
Inasmuch as Inasmuch as it’s true, we must act.
Lest Lest you forget, write it down.
Insofar as Insofar as I know, it’s accurate.
Supposing Supposing it’s true, what’s next?
As a result of As a result of his efforts, he succeeded.
Owing to Owing to the rain, we stayed home.
Due to Due to traffic, I’ll be late.
In the event that In the event that he’s late, we’ll start without him.
Whether Whether you like it or not, we’re going.
During During the storm, we stayed indoors.
Prior to Prior to the meeting, prepare the report.
Afterward Afterward, we celebrated our victory.
Once Once you understand, it’s easy.
As We danced as the music played.
Whereupon He left, whereupon she started crying.
Even as Even as it snowed, we went skiing.
Until We’ll wait until you arrive.

Subordinating Conjunctions | Image

Subordinating Conjunctions List and Great Examples
Subordinating Conjunctions

Subordinating Conjunctions Takeaways

Subordinating Conjunctions Examples

There are six basic subordinating conjunction kinds, each exhibiting a specific relationship between independent and dependent clauses. These conjunctions join clauses in diverse ways to communicate different relationships. Here are several instances to demonstrate these links.


These conjunctions indicate when something happens.

  • “When” shows the timing of an event.
Cause and Effect

They explain why something happens.

  • “Because” shows the reason for an action.

These words describe a situation that must be met.

  • Example: “If” introduces a condition for an action.
Contrast and Concession

They show differences or exceptions.

  • “Although” introduces a contrast to the main clause.

They explain why something is done.

  • “So that” indicates the purpose behind an action.

They describe where something happens.

  • “Where” specifies the location of an event.

Difference between Coordinating and Subordinating Conjunctions

Coordinating Conjunctions
  • Join words, phrases, or independent clauses of equal importance.
  • Examples: “and,” “but,” “or.”
  • Create compound sentences where both parts have equal weight.
Subordinating Conjunctions
  • Connect an independent clause (main idea) and a dependent clause (less important).
  • Examples: “because,” “although,” and “if.”
  • Create complex sentences, adding details or showing relationships between ideas.

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