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Introduction to Conjunctions! Learn all about the conjunctions in English. Here, we are going to learn about Conjunctions and their introduction with types and example sentences in English. Learn the entire lesson and enhance your English Grammar skills.
Introduction to Conjunctions
Conjunctions are the words that are used to connect words, phrases, and clauses together in sentences. They serve to join different elements together, enabling the creation of more complex and meaningful sentences.
Types of Conjunctions
There are three primary types of conjunctions. Here, we will learn about the types of conjunctions with their function and usage in sentences:
These conjunctions connect words, phrases, or clauses that are of equal grammatical importance. The most common coordinating conjunctions are:
- For: indicates a reason or cause.
- And: joins elements that are similar or additive.
- Nor: used in negative sentences to indicate a negative condition.
- But: introduces a contrast or exception.
- Or: presents alternatives.
- Yet: introduces a contrast or surprise.
- So: indicates a consequence or result.
Example: “I wanted to go to the park, but it started raining.”
These conjunctions connect an independent clause (a complete sentence) with a dependent clause (an incomplete sentence) to create complex sentences. Subordinating conjunctions often indicate relationships such as time, cause and effect, condition, or concession. Some common subordinating conjunctions include:
- Although: introduces a contrast or concession.
- Because: indicates the cause or reason.
- If: introduces a condition.
- When: specifies a time relationship.
- Since: indicates a cause or reason.
- While: shows a simultaneous action.
Example: “She studied hard because she wanted to pass the exam.”
These conjunctions come in pairs and work together to connect elements within a sentence. Common correlative conjunctions include:
- Either…or: presents alternatives.
- Neither…nor: negates alternatives.
- Both…and: indicates inclusivity or agreement.
- Not only…but also: emphasizes two connected ideas.
- Whether…or: introduces a choice.
Example: “You can either eat cake or ice cream.”